Here are some links that I found helpful in my search for information on Insufficient Glandular Tissue.


Finding Sufficiency: Breastfeeding With Insufficient Glandular Tissue (2014) Written by IGT moms' biggest supporter, Diana Cassar-Uhl.

The Breastfeeding Mother's Guide to Making More Milk (2008) A thorough book, with advice on improving supply.

Web Articles

Hypoplasia/Insufficient Glandular Tissue (2012) by expert lactation consultant Diana Cassar-Uhl, on the Kellymom website.

Living With Chronic Low Milk Supply (2007) READ THIS article if you have IGT! A great, comprehensive article from MOBI.

Breastfeeding with Insufficient Glandular Tissue (2006) written by a woman with IGT

Web Forum Discussions

Facebook Group - IGT and Low Milk Supply Support Group You will need to log in to your facebook account and request to join this group. This is a very active group, a great source of support and advice from other moms.

Does Anyone Else Have Insufficient Glandular Tissue? ( Forum)


When the booby fairy doesn't arrive - insufficient glandular tissue/breast hypoplasia (2011)  A 45 minute interview by Motherlove with Diana Cassar-Uhl, IBCLC.

Breast Hypoplasia and Breastfeeding (2012) A 43 minute interview by The Boob Group with Diana Cassar-Uhl, IBCLC and a panel of moms with IGT.


The Supplemental Nursing System (SNS) by Medela and the Lact-Aid allow you to feed formula through a tube while you breastfeed. I have only used the SNS, and found it frustrating, although other mothers love it. This article by an adoptive mom compares the two and speaks highly of the Lact-Aid.

Domperidone is the top prescription drug recommended in Canada for increasing breastmilk. In the U.S. it is only available at compounding pharmacies (find one near you using this the website ).

Goat's Rue is thought to increase glandular tissue.

Fenugreek can increase your milk supply.

Journal Articles

Environmental exposures and mammary gland development: state of the science, public health implications, and research recommendations.  (Rudel et al, 2011) Mammary gland development and lactation can be affected by early exposure to environmental contaminants.

Supporting Mothers With Mammary Hypoplasia (Diana Cassar-Uhl, 2009) This article discusses how to recognize hypoplasia, theories on causes, and how to support mothers with the condition.

Recognizing and Treating Delayed or Failed Lactogenesis II (Hurst, 2007) A must-read for every lactation consultant and midwife.

Markers of Lactation Insufficiency: A Study of 34 Mothers (Huggins, Petok, Mireles 2000). 

Patient with Insufficient Glandular Tissue Experiences Milk Supply Increase Attributed to Progesterone Treatment for Luteal Phase Defect (Bodley, Powers, 1999)

Lactation Failure Due to Insufficient Glandular Development of the Breast(Neifert, Seacat, Jobe, 1985)

My Favourite Things for Mamas and Babies

E.C. We love it. Consider not "diaper-training" your baby, and let your baby use the gentle Elimination Communication method.

Daily parenting e-mails ("The Daily Groove") from Scott Noelle. 

Ina May's Guide to Childbirth and The The Thinking Woman's Guide to a Better Birth are my two favourite books about birth.

E-mail Me

Please feel free to e-mail me at heather (at)

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